How To Use Fire Fighting Equipment

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Fire Classification

Fire class A: Fire involving common combustibles such as wood, paper, plastics, clothes etc.

Fire class B: Fire involving flammable liquids and gases, such as gasoline, propane and solvents.

Fire class C: Fire involving live electrical equipment such as computer, fax machine etc.

Fire class D: Fire involving combustible metals such as magnesium, lithium, aluminum, steel etc.

Fire class K: Fire involving cooking media such as cooking oils and fats.

 

Types of Fire Extinguisher

Four (04) Types of Fire Extinguisher has given below

    1. Dry Chemical Powder (DCP)
    2. Co2
    3. Foam
    4. Water

Fighting The Fire

  • Pull the Pin.
  • Remove the Nozzle from the Clip.
  • Hold the Nozzle with your strong hand.
  • Carry the Extinguisher with your opposite hand.
  • Squeeze the Handle gently to test the Extinguisher.

Procedure for Monthly Fire Extinguisher Inspection

□ Nothing blocking access to extinguisher

□ The pressure gauge shows fully charged

□ Horn/Nozzle is free of cracks, tears or obstructions

□ Pin and Tamper seal are intact

□ Handle/Level is undamaged

□ No dents, leaks, rust, chemical deposits and other signs of abuse or wear

□ Dry powder chemical is moving freely within cylinder

□ Inspection tag is attached and updated.

 

Fire Extinguisher Annual Maintenance Check

  1. Utilize a 3rd party for Annual maintenance check.
  2. Testing must be performed by someone with suitable testing and equipment facilities.
  3. Retain certification record for all testing.

 

How Do You Take Care Of and Maintain a Fire Extinguisher?

  • Must maintain in a full charge and operable condition.
  • Must detain their selected places at all times except throughout use.
  • Must conduct an annual maintenance check.
  • Must record the annual maintenance date and retain this record for 1year after the last entry or the life of the shell, whichever is a smaller amount.
  • The Extinguisher is not blocked by equipment, coats or their objects.
  • The pressure is at the recommended level.
  • The nozzle or their parts are not obstructed.
  • The safety pin, latch or lock are intact.
  • There are not dents, leaks, rust, chemical deposits or other signs of abuser wear.
  • The dry chemical extinguisher does not cake or settle. Some manufacturers recommended these be shaken periodically.
  • The cartridges the gas cartridge extinguisher be punctured.
  • The fire extinguisher should be pressure tested (a process called hydro-testing) after a number of years to ensure that the container is safe to use.
  • If an extinguisher is broken or wants to recharge, it’s to be noted, promptly reportable and replaced. It’s advisable to recharge all extinguishers right away when use in spite of what proportion was used.

 

Remember 6 Types of Damage to Extinguisher

    1. Leakage
    2. Corrosion
    3. Damaged cylinders
    4. Leaking hoses
    5. Leaking gaskets
    6. Nozzle damage

Auto Fire Extinguisher Key Features

  • Pressure check device to work out hearth extinguisher’s readiness standing.
  • Clear instruction label mistreatment graphics to point out steps needed to control extinguisher.
  • Easy to pull safety clip.
  • Rust and impact-resistant nylon handle.
  • UL approved bracket.
  • Powder coated cylinder for corrosion protection.

Fire Blanket

A fire blanket may be a safety designed to extinguish tiny early fires. It consists of a sheet of fireside retardation material that is placed over a fireplace so as to smother it.

 

What Is A Fire Ladder?

A structure of wood, metal or rope unremarkably consisting of 2 sidepieces between which a series of bars or rungs are set at appropriate distances forming a means of climbing up/down.

 

How Many Types of Ladder are used in Fire Service?

There have various types of Ladder. Ladder mostly used for Fire Extinguishing and Rescue. Ladder such as-

Pole Ladder – It’s made by Bamboo.

Hook Ladder – Aluminum include Hook.

Roof Ladder – One part Ladder by Aluminum, thin and hard.

Ajax Extension Ladder – By Wood, two-part comfortable for extinguishing & rescue.

Step Ladder – Made by Aluminum and also Vertical.

Sculling Ladder – It is made Aluminum and Bamboo, Electric Line.

First Floor Ladder – It’s made Aluminum with Rope.

Fire Escape Ladder – Emergency period people can easily move from Ship.

Snorkel Ladder – Aluminum, 3-4 part attached with Vehicles, Hydraulic system by switch up and down 27 miters.

Turn Table Ladder – Aluminum, 3-4 part attached with Vehicles, Hydraulic system by switch up and down 46 miters.

 

Heat and Flame Resistant Clothing

    • Fire/Heat Proof Apron Elements
    • – Rock Wool
    • – PBI (poly benzimidazole fiber)
    • – FR Cotton
    • – Coated Nylon
    • – Melamine
    • – Modacrylic

Sprinkler System

  1. Automatic System
  2. Attached with water pipe
  3. Fire incipient its control fire
  4. Sprinkler head attached with a sprinkler valve
  5. Fewer than 18inch sprinkler pips will be attached
  6. Sprinkler valve will be set up after 10feet
  7. Valve contains fixed temperature
  8. Automatic sprinkler system finds fire automatically and prevents fire
  9. Minimum Casualty
  10. An auto sprinkler system can run the pump automatically
  11. Per sprinkler head can supply water by spray 100sq.f area.

Temperature Rating

 

Color of Fluid Within Bulb

Celsius

Fahrenheit

57

135

Orange

68

155

Red

79

174

Yellow

93

200

Green

141

286

Blue

182

360

Mauve

227-260

440/500

Black

 

What Is Drencher Fire Control System?

Drenchers are used for the external protection of the building against exposure hazards or radiant heat. Drencher heads are similar to sprinkler heads and may be sealed or unsealed. Drenchers are of three types, Roof drenchers, Wall drenchers, Window drenchers.

 

How Do Hydrants Work?

Vertical with a spout, nozzle or completely different, typically at intervals the road, for drawing water from a main or service pipe, significantly for fighting fires.

 

What Are The Types Of Fire Hydrants?

Types of Hydrants:

  • Dry barrel
  • Wet barrel

Dry barrel: Dry barrel hydrants are used in cold weather climates

Wet barrel: Wet barrel are used in warm climates.

 

How Does A Riser Work?

Riser: A vertical pipe (as for water or gas) or a vertical portion of an electrical wiring system.

Pipe: A long tube made from the metal of plastic that’s wont to carry water or oil or gas etc.

 

Riser Pipe

A vertical pipe in a building, a vertical supply pipe for a fire sprinkler system.

Types of Riser. Three Types:

  1. Wet Riser
  2. Down Comer
  3. Dry Riser

Riser Uses: Riser uses for the following reasons

  • Increase Water Pressure
  • Ensuring Safety
  • For Each Floor Water Flow
  • Fire Extinguishing

Hose Reel Ideas

Types of Hose Reel

  1. Hose rack assembly
  2. Lay flat fire hose
  3. Hose cradle
  4. Tyco fire hose

 

How To Use Ball Type Fire Extinguisher/Fire Ball

  • Fire Extinguishing Ball is a ball-shaped fire extinguisher simply into a fire.
  • It will active inside three seconds and effectively disperse – extinguishing chemicals.
  • When a fire happens and nobody is present, fire extinguishing ball will self-activate when it comes into contact with fire and provides a loud noise as a fire alarm.
  • It can be placed in could fire-prone space like as above electrical circuit breaker or in a kitchen.
  • There is no special training or skill required to operate the ball and no need to face the dangers of the fire.
  • No inspection and maintenance are needed for the product life span of Five years.

 

Basic Parts of a Fire Alarm System

The following could be a list of the fundamental parts which will be installed along to create up a typical fire alarm system:

Alarm Initiation Devices

– Manual fire alarm boxed

– Water flow initiating devices

– Heat detectors

Smoke detectors

– Radiant energy-sensing fire detectors

– Other fire detectors

 

Notification Appliances

– Bells

– Horns

– Speakers

– Sirens

– Strobes

– Combination units

 

Fire Alarm Control Units

– System operating Configuration

– Conventional fire alarm system

– Addressable fire alarm system

– Analog-addressable fire alarm system

 

Remote On-Site Annunciation

– Point Lighted

– Alphanumeric

– Liquid Crystal Displays (LCD’s)

– Graphic

 

Batteries

– Standby power

 

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