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It is vitally important that everyone knows how to use fire fighting equipment. We will provide all the relevant information in this blog post.
Fire class A: Fire involving common combustibles such as wood, paper, plastics, clothes, etc.
Fire class B: Fire involving flammable liquids and gases, such as gasoline, propane, and solvents.
Fire class C: Fire involving live electrical equipment such as computers, fax machines, etc.
Fire class D: Fire involving combustible metals such as magnesium, lithium, aluminum, steel, etc.
Fire class K: Fire involving cooking media such as cooking oils and fats.
Types of Fire Extinguishers
Four (4) Types of Fire Extinguisher as below:
- Dry Chemical Powder (DCP)
Fighting The Fire
- Pull the Pin.
- Remove the Nozzle from the Clip.
- Hold the Nozzle with your strong hand.
- Carry the Extinguisher with your opposite hand.
- Squeeze the Handle gently to test the Extinguisher.
Procedure for Monthly Fire Extinguisher Inspection
□ Nothing blocking access to the extinguisher
□ The pressure gauge shows a fully charged
□ Horn/Nozzle is free of cracks, tears, or obstructions
□ Pin and Tamper seal are intact
□ Handle/Level is undamaged
□ No dents, leaks, rust, chemical deposits, and other signs of abuse or wear
□ Dry powder chemical is moving freely within the cylinder
□ Inspection tag is attached and updated.
Fire Extinguisher Annual Maintenance Check
- Utilize a 3rd party for Annual maintenance checks.
- Testing must be performed by someone with suitable testing and equipment facilities.
- Retain certification records for all testing.
How Do You Take Care Of and Maintain a Fire Extinguisher?
- Must ensure that the extinguisher has a full charge and is in an operable condition.
- Must ensure the correct placement at all times except throughout use.
- Must conduct an annual maintenance check.
- Must record the annual maintenance date and retain this record for 1 year after the last entry or the life of the shell.
- Ensure that the extinguisher is not blocked by equipment, coats, or objects.
- Ensure that the pressure is at the recommended level.
- Ensure the nozzle or its parts are not obstructed.
- Ensure the safety pin, latch, or lock are intact.
- Ensure that there are no dents, leaks, rust, chemical deposits, or other signs of wear.
- Ensure that the dry chemical extinguisher does not cake or settle. Some manufacturers recommended these be shaken periodically.
- Ensure that the cartridges and the gas cartridge extinguisher are not punctured.
- The fire extinguisher should be pressure tested (a process called hydro-testing) after several years to ensure that the container is safe to use.
- If an extinguisher is broken or needs to be recharged, it’s to be noted, promptly reported, and replaced. It’s advisable to recharge all extinguishers immediately, despite what proportion was used.
Remember 6 Types of Damage to Extinguisher
- Damaged cylinders
- Leaking hoses
- Leaking gaskets
- Nozzle damage
A fire blanket may be a safety designed to extinguish tiny early fires. It consists of a sheet of fireside retardation material placed over a fireplace to smother it.
What Is A Fire Ladder?
A structure of wood, metal, or rope unremarkably consisting of 2 sidepieces between which a series of bars or rungs are set at appropriate distances forming a means of climbing up/down.
How Many Types of Ladders are used in Fire Service?
There have various types of Ladder. Ladder mostly used for Fire Extinguishing and Rescue. Ladder such as-
Pole Ladder – It’s made of Bamboo.
Hook Ladder – Aluminum includes Hook.
Roof Ladder – One part Ladder of Aluminum, thin and hard.
Ajax Extension Ladder – By Wood, two-part for extinguishing & rescue.
Step Ladder – Made of Aluminum and also Vertical.
Sculling Ladder – It is made of Aluminum and Bamboo, Electric Line.
First Floor Ladder – It’s made of Aluminum with Rope.
Fire Escape Ladder – Emergency people can easily move from Ship.
Snorkel Ladder – Aluminum, 3-4 parts attached with Vehicles, Hydraulic system by switching up and down 27 meters.
Turn Table Ladder – Aluminum, 3-4 parts attached with Vehicles, Hydraulic system by switching up and down 46 meters.
Heat and Flame Resistant Clothing
- Fire/Heat Proof Apron Elements
- Rock Wool
- PBI (poly benzimidazole fiber)
- FR Cotton
- Coated Nylon
- Automatic System
- Attached with water pipe
- Sprinkler head attached with a sprinkler valve
- Fewer than 18-inch sprinkler pips will be attached
- Sprinkler valve will be set up after 10 feet
- Valve contains fixed temperature
- Automatic sprinkler system finds fire automatically and prevents fire
- Minimum Casualty
- An auto sprinkler system can run the pump automatically
- Per sprinkler head can supply water by spray 100sq.f area.
Color of Fluid Within Bulb
What Is Drencher Fire Control System?
Drenchers are used for the external protection of the building against exposure hazards or radiant heat. Drencher heads are similar to sprinkler heads and may be sealed or unsealed. Drenchers are of three types, Roof drenchers, Wall drenchers, and Window drenchers.
How Do Hydrants Work?
Vertical with a spout, nozzle, or completely different, typically at intervals on the road, for drawing water from a main or service pipe, and used for fighting fires.
What Are The Types Of Fire Hydrants?
Types of Hydrants:
- Dry barrel
- Wet barrel
Dry barrel: Dry barrel hydrants are used in cold weather climates
Wet barrel: Wet barrels are used in warm climates.
How Does A Riser Work?
Riser: A vertical pipe (as for water or gas) or a vertical portion of an electrical wiring system.
Pipe: A long tube made from the metal or plastic that’s made to carry water, oil, gas, etc.
A vertical pipe in a building, a vertical supply pipe for a fire sprinkler system.
Types of Riser. Three Types:
- Wet Riser
- Down Comer
- Dry Riser
Riser Uses: The riser is used for the following reasons
- Increase Water Pressure
- Ensuring Safety
- For Each Floor Water Flow
- Fire Extinguishing
Hose Reel Ideas
Types of Hose Reel
- Hose rack assembly
- Lay flat fire hose
- Hose cradle
- Tyco fire hose
How To Use Ball Type Fire Extinguisher/Fire Ball
- Fire Extinguishing Ball is a ball-shaped fire extinguisher simply thrown into a fire.
- It will activate within three seconds and effectively disperse – extinguishing chemicals.
- When a fire happens and nobody is present, a fire extinguishing ball will self-activate when it comes into contact with fire and provides a loud noise as a fire alarm.
- It can be placed in a fire-prone space like the above electrical circuit breaker or a kitchen.
- There is no special training or skill required to operate the ball and no need to face the dangers of the fire.
- No inspection and maintenance is needed for the product and has a life span of Five years.
Basic Parts of a Fire Alarm System
The following could be a list of the fundamental parts which will be installed along to create a typical fire alarm system:
Alarm Initiation Devices
– Manual fire alarm boxed
– Water flow initiating devices
– Heat detectors
– Radiant energy-sensing fire detectors
– Other fire detectors
– Combination units
Fire Alarm Control Units
– System operating Configuration
– Conventional fire alarm system
– Addressable fire alarm system
– Analog-addressable fire alarm system
Remote On-Site Annunciation
– Point Lighted
– Liquid Crystal Displays (LCDs)
– Standby power