Methods Of Hazard Identification

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What Is Hazard Identification?

Hazard Identification is a method used to determine attainable things where people may be exposed to injury, sickness or disease. Moreover,

  • It is a part of risk assessment;
  • Once the hazards are identified, proper measures must be taken to eliminate them.


The Best 6 Methods of Hazard Identification

  1. Formal Safety Audits
  2. Workplace Inspections Observation
  3. Incident Investigations
  4. Historical Safety Records
  5. Safety Committee Recommendations
  6. Employee Complaints Suggestions


Core Concept of Hazard

A hazard could be a state of affairs that poses a threat to life, health, property or environment.


Hazard = Possibility (P) + No Consequence (C) or, Possibility x No Consequence.


Most hazards are inactive or potential; it is only a theoretical risk of harm. But, once a hazard becomes “active”, it will produce an associate degree of emergency.

Hazard and possibilities interact together to create risk.



6 Common Types of Hazard You Need To Know

  1. Chemical and dust hazards: cleaning products, pesticides, asbestos etc.
  2. Biological hazards: mold, insects/pests, communicable diseases etc.
  3. Work organization hazards: things that cause STRESS!
  4. Ergonomic hazards: repetition, lifting, awkward postures etc.
  5. Physical hazards: noise, temperature extremes, radiation etc.
  6. Safety hazards: slips, trips and falls, faulty equipment etc.



Health Hazards

Methods Of Hazard Identification

Major Types

  • Corrosives – cause tissue injury and burns on contact with skin or eyes
  • Primary Irritants – cause intense redness/swelling of skin or eyes on contact. No permanent tissue injury
  • Sensitizers – cause allergic skin or lung reaction
  • Acutely Toxic Materials – cause an adverse impact even at low doses
  • Carcinogens – might cause cancer
  • Teratogens – might cause birth defects
  • Organ-Specific Hazards – injury to specific organ systems like the liver or lungs.


† Red  Flammability
† Blue Health
† Yellow Reactivity
† White Special




What the number show

0 = Will not burn

1 = Ignites above 200 degrees F

2 = Ignites below 200 degrees F

3 = Ignites below 100 degrees F

4 = Ignites below 73 degrees F

What the number show

0 = No hazard

1 = Slight hazard

2 = Dangerous

3 = Extreme danger

4 = Deadly




Labels – Reactivity Labels – Special Hazard
▪ The flammability of liquids defined by its flash-point

-the lowest temperature at which a fule-air mixture present above the surface of a liquid will ignite if an ignition source is introduced.

▪ 21-55    Flammable

▪ Highly flammable

▪ Extremely flammable

What the letters show

▪ OX = Oxidizer

▪ ACID = Acid

▪ ALK = Alkali

▪ COR = Corrosive

▪ W = Use No Water

For more About Hazard Identification Read This.


Every workplace has some level of risk, but how do you determine which ones pose the greatest threat to employees’ safety? You’ll be better equipped to regulate or remove dangers at your place of business, preventing accidents, injuries, property damage, and downtime.


Conducting an exhaustive danger evaluation of all work surroundings and equipment is a crucial stage in any safety strategy. Because you cannot safeguard your employees from risks that you are not aware of, it is critical to do a complete hazard assessment. By taking into account these six major kinds of workplace dangers, you may avoid blind spots in your workplace safety practices.


In the below YouTube Video you will learn more about the Top 6 Workplace Hazards:



Remember that a workplace is any location where a worker performs work-related activities for your company, so you must take precautions to ensure their safety and health even while they are off-site or traveling, for example.


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