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What Is Hazard Identification?
Hazard Identification is a method used to determine attainable things where people may be exposed to injury, sickness or disease. Moreover,
- It is a part of risk assessment;
- Once the hazards are identified, proper measures must have to be taken to eliminate them.
The Best 6 Methods of Hazard Identification
- Formal Safety Audits
- Workplace Inspections Observation
- Incident Investigations
- Historical Safety Records
- Safety Committee Recommendations
- Employee Complaints Suggestions
Core Concept of Hazard
A hazard could be a state of affairs that poses tier of the threat to life, health, property or environment.
Hazard = Possibility (P) + No Consequence (C) or, Possibility x No Consequence.
Most hazards are inactive or potential; it is only a theoretical risk of harm. But, once a hazard becomes “active”, it will produce an associate degree emergency.
Hazard and possibilities interact together to create risk.
6 Common Types of Hazard Must You Need To Know
- Chemical and dust hazards: cleaning products, pesticides, asbestos etc.
- Biological hazards: mold, insects/pests, communicable diseases etc.
- Work organization hazards: things that cause STRESS!
- Ergonomic hazards: repetition, lifting, awkward postures etc.
- Physical hazards: noise, temperature extremes, radiation etc.
- Safety hazards: slips, trips and falls, faulty equipment etc.
- Corrosives – cause tissue injury and burns on contact with skin or eyes
- Primary Irritants – cause intense redness/swelling of skin or eyes on contact. No permanent tissue injury
- Sensitizers – cause allergic skin or lung reaction
- Acutely Toxic Materials – cause an adverse impact even at low doses
- Carcinogens – might cause cancer
- Teratogens – might cause birth defects
- Organ-Specific Hazards – injury to specific organ systems like the liver or lungs.
What the number show
0 = Will not burn
1 = Ignites above 200 degrees F
2 = Ignites below 200 degrees F
3 = Ignites below 100 degrees F
4 = Ignites below 73 degrees F
What the number show
0 = No hazard
1 = Slight hazard
2 = Dangerous
3 = Extreme danger
4 = Deadly
|Labels – Reactivity||Labels – Special Hazard|
|▪ The flammability of liquids defined by its flash-point
-the lowest temperature at which a fule-air mixture present above the surface of a liquid will ignite if an ignition soure is introduced.
▪ 21-55 Flammable
▪ Highly flammable
▪ Extremely flammable
|What the letters show
▪ OX = Oxidizer
▪ ACID = Acid
▪ ALK = Alkali
▪ COR = Corrosive
▪ W = Use No Water
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